ADHD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or commonly called ADHD is an inherited neurobiological condition. That means that ADHD is a medical condition that is caused by a difference in brain chemistry from the general, neurotypical population. ADHD is an officially recognized medical diagnosis by major medical, psychiatric, and educational organizations. In fact, the National Institute for Health, the American Psychiatric Association, and the Department of Education all recognize ADHD as a legitimate medical diagnosis. According to current statistics ADHD affects 7-10% of children and approximately 5% of the adult population.
ADHD is highly inheritable. In other words, ADD often runs in families. If one parent has ADD, there is greater than 50% chance that one of their children will also have ADD. Consequently, often in families where one or both spouses have ADHD, it is likely that at least one of their children will also be affected by it.
In addition, ADHD is a congenital condition which affects people throughout their life, but the presentation of symptoms may change slightly at different stages from childhood through adulthood. For, example the characteristic of hyperactivity may lessen with age. Changing hormone levels throughout the life span can also affect how ADHD traits are manifested.
There are three subtypes of ADHD: hyperactive, inattentive, and a combination of hyperactive and inattentive. A diagnosis is made when three primary symptoms: hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention are present to a degree that they significantly interfere with life for the individual wherever they are - at home, school/ work, and in personal relationships. While awareness of ADHD difficulties are necessary to make a diagnosis, it’s crucial not to overlook the amazing array of positive traits also associated with ADD.
Even though certain environmental factors can influence ADHD, ADHD is actually caused by a difference in the brain chemistry of ADHD individuals. Our brains our composed of millions of brain cells called neurons. When neurons want to convey a message from one brain cell to another they employ messengers called neurotransmitters. According to current research, in the brains of ADHD individuals, certain neurotransmitters are in shorter supply or too many neurotransmitters are reabsorbed before completing their communication mission. Consequently, their message is not delivered sufficiently. As a result of this weakened message, the ADHD individual is affected by the typical gifts and challenges connected with ADHD